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A Burn Survivors Dictionary
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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


A

Autograft
a tissue or organ that is transplanted from one part
to another part of the same body



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B

Burn
1 : an act, process, instance, or result of burning:
a : injury or damage resulting from exposure
to fire, heat, caustics, electricity, or certain radiations
b : a burned area
Burn extent
burn extent is based on that percentage of Body
Surface Area (BSA) which clinically has 2nd and 3rd
degree burn, but does not include areas of 1st degree burn.

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C

Cadaver skin
Also called homograft
Cyclosporine
An anti-rejection drug given to patients who receive
transplants of one nature or another.
Collagen
an insoluble fibrous protein of vertebrates that is the
chief constituent of the fibrils of connective tissue
(as in skin and tendons) and of the organic substance of
bones and yields gelatin and glue on prolonged heating
with water

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


D

Debridement
the surgical removal of lacerated, devitalized,
burned, or contaminated tissue
Dermabrader
A slender implement with a burred, revolving,
gumdrop-shaped head used to cut away burned flesh.
Dermatome
A device resembling an electric cheese slicer
used to remove skin from donor sites to be grafted on
burn areas.
Dermis
the sensitive vascular inner mesodermic layer of the skin

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E

Empathy
the action of understanding, being aware of, being
sensitive to, and vicariously experiencing the feelings,
thoughts, and experience of another of either the past
or present without having the feelings, thoughts, and
experience fully communicated in an objectively explicit
manner
Epidermis
The upper or outer layer of the two main layers of
cells that make up the skin.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


F

First-degree burn
a mild burn characterized by heat, pain, and reddening
of the burned surface but not exhibiting blistering or
charring of tissues

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


G

Graft
to implant (living tissue) surgically
Graft-versus-host
relating to or being the bodily condition that
results when cells from a tissue or organ transplant
mount an immunological attack against the cells or
tissues of the host
Gauze
a loosely woven cotton surgical dressing

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


H

Hero
an illustrious warrior, one that shows great courage
Hydrotherapy
the therapeutic use of water (as in a whirlpool bath)
Hypermetabolic
Expanding energy and nutrients at an accelerated pace
Hyperbaric chamber
sealed, human-size glass capsule into which pure
oxygen is pumped to an atmospheric pressure equivalent
to that 33 feet under water

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


I

Isograft
a homograft between genetically identical or nearly
identical individuals
Intensive care
having special medical facilities, services, and
monitoring devices to meet the needs of gravely ill patients

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J

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K

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L

Life support system
a system that provides all or some of the items
(as oxygen, food, water, and disposition of carbon
dioxide and body wastes) necessary for maintaining
life or health

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


M

Morphine
a bitter crystalline addictive narcotic base that
is the principal alkaloid of opium and is used in the
form of a soluble salt (as a hydrochloride or a sulfate)
as an analgesic and sedative

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


N

Necrosis
Death of cells or tissues.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


O

Occupational therapy
therapy by means of activity; esp : creative activity
prescribed for its effect in promoting recovery or
rehabilitation

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


P

Pain
localized physical suffering associated with bodily
disorder (as a disease or an injury);
acute mental or emotional suffering or distress
Physical therapy
the treatment of disease and/or injury by physical
and mechanical means (as massage, regulated exercise,
water, light, heat, and electricity)
Pressure garments
tight elastic garments that deprive scar tissue of
oxygen, soften it and impede its growth

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Q

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R

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S

Second-degree burn
a burn marked by pain, blistering, and superficial
destruction of dermis with edema and hyperemia of the
tissues beneath the burn
Surviver
one that survives
Silver nitrate
an irritant compound used in medicine esp. as an
antiseptic and caustic
Skin graft
a piece of skin that is taken from a donor area
to replace skin in a defective or denuded area
(as one that has been burned)
Skin
the 2-layered covering of the body consisting of
an outer ectodermal epidermis that is more or less
cornified and penetrated by the openings of sweat
and sebaceous glands and an inner mesodermal dermis
that is composed largely of connective tissue and is
richly supplied with blood vessels and nerves
Swell
to become distended or puffed up
Swelling
an abnormal bodily protuberance or localized
enlargement
Support group
a group of people with common experiences and
concerns who provide emotional and moral support
for one another

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


T

Third-degree burn
a severe burn characterized by destruction of the
skin through its deeper layers and possibly into
underlying tissues, loss of fluid, and sometimes shock
Transfusion
the process of transfusing fluid into a vein or artery

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


U

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V

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W

Weck knife
A type of straight razor with a guide to regulate
the thickness of the cut to 8 or 10 or 12 thousandths
of an inch.
Watson knife
A long, rectangular version of the Weck that leaves
shallow, fan-shaped carving marks.

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X

Xenograft
a graft of tissue taken from a donor of one species
and grafted into a recipient of another species
--called also heterograft, heterotransplant;

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


Y

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Z

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